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About the Technology

The basic technology involves combustion catalytic chemistry. Combustion catalytic chemistry dates back to the 1800's when an ethylene complex of Platinum was prepared. The structure and basis of their effectiveness was difficult to deduce using chemical methods of that day. With the 1950's development of the NMR and single crystal X-ray diffraction, methods were available to study the structure and elucidate the mode of action of these complexes. With the advent of computerization, a rapid growth in the study of combustion catalysts ensued. The organometallic compounds have also been used as military technology in the composition of rocket fuel and by NASA in various projects in order to improve the burn ratio in jet fuels and other type of alternative fuels.

Organometallic chemistry timeline:

1760 Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt investigates inks based on Cobalt salts and isolates Cacodyl from cobalt mineral containing arsenic

1827 Zeise's salt is the first platinum / olefin complex

1848 Edward Frankland discovers diethylzinc

1863 Charles Friedel and James Crafts prepare organochlorosilanes

1890 Ludwig Mond discovers Nickel carbonyl

1899 Introduction of Grignard reaction

1900 Paul Sabatier works on hydrogenation of organic compounds with metal catalysts. Hydrogenation of fats kicks off advances in food industry, see margarine

1909 Paul Ehrlich introduces Salvarsan for the treatment of syphilis, an early arsenic based organometallic compound

1912 Nobel Prize Victor Grignard and Paul Sabatier

1930 Henry Gilman works on lithium cuprates, see Gilman reagent

1951 Walter Hieber was awarded the Alfred Stock prize for his work with metal carbonyl chemistry

1951 Ferrocene is discovered

1963 Nobel Prize for Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta on Ziegler-Natta catalyst

1965 Discovery of cyclobutadieneiron tricarbonyl

1968 Heck reaction

1973 Nobel Prize Geoffrey Wilkinson and Ernst Otto Fischer on sandwich compounds

1981 Nobel Prize Roald Hoffman and Kenichi Fukui for creation of the Woodward-Hoffman Rules

2005 Nobel Prize Yves Chauvin, Robert Grubbs, and Richard Schrock on metal-catalyzed alkene metathesis

2010 Nobel Prize Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi, Akira Suzuki

The application of these complexes for use in internal combustion engines has always been a scientific goal. As is found in any developing technology, you will find periods of success and times of less activity. The EF-TABS™ combustion catalyst is the result of space-age continuation of a proven technology in its latest stage.